The Dead Sea, a salt lake nested by Israel, Jordan and West Banks is shrinking at an alarming rate over human actions in the past few decades. According to an environmentalist group called EcoPeace Middle East, the Dead Sea is shrinking by 3.3 feet per year.
For the Dead Sea to sustain, it needs water from surrounding natural resources. During the 1960s, Israel built a pipeline to supply water to the country, and Jordan also plays a significant role in diverting the Sea’s natural water resources.
In 2015, Israel and Jordan signed up $900 worth deal, agreeing on their mutual effort to stabilize the Dead Sea by building a canal from the Dead Sea to the Red Sea. According to this agreement, both countries won’t supply water from the Dead Sea, and they will pump approximately 300 million cubic meters annually into the Sea.
From the other side, mineral extraction industry has been using the Dead Sea for its therapeutic properties. Another reason why the Dead Sea is drying out is the hot and dry climate of Middle East, which makes difficult for the Sea to replenish itself.
The Dead Sea is a place of one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water, with around 34% of salinity.
Gildshire Editor, Elvira Barucija