Gerrit Rietveld furniture
Although Britain had prepared much of the groundwork in design for the Modern Movement, by the turn of the century the initiative passed to the continent. After the First World War, many of the surviving young people were filled with a hatred for war and its consequences. They wanted to completely change their lives and their surroundings, so there was a strong desire for experiment and change, particularly in Holland, Germany, and France. In the early part of the century, artists had become interested in tribal art, and the ensuing Cubist movement grew out of a belief that art and design should be cut down to the bare essentials.
The Dutch architect, Gerrit Rietveld, stripped furniture down to its basics forms and rethought the function of each piece. His work was brutally simple, painted in primary colors. Although cheap and easy to make, it was much too essential for traditional manufacturers and none of his designs were taken up commercially (although they have recently been made).